Sri Aurobindo was born in Calcutta in 1873, but raised and educated in England, where he studied at Cambridge University. He returned to India to work for a time as an educator, but soon became the leader of the Indian Freedom Movement, and was placed on trial by the British for sedition. He received an inner command to remove himself to the French territory of Pondicherry where he deepened his practice of yoga, and where he was joined by the Mother, who became his spiritual collaborator. In l926 he withdrew to work on bringing down the Supermind into the earth consciousness, and the Mother took charge of the Ashram. His writings and inner attainments are a unique chapter in the spiritual history of the earth, and he has been hailed as the Avatar of the modern era. He has written that the aim of his yoga is "an inner self-development by which each one who follows it can in time discover the One Self in all and evolve a higher consciousness than the mental, a spiritual and supramental consciousness which will transform and divinize human nature."
The Mother was born in Paris as Mirra Alfassa in 1878. She studied art, music and occult sciences in her early life, guided by spiritual experience at a very early age. In 1914 she met Sri Aurobindo in Pondicherry, India and in l920 she moved permanently to Pondicherry to join him as his spiritual collaborator. In l926 she was formally given full charge over the Sri Aurobindo Ashram and the spiritual and material welfare of the disciples who had formed around Sri Aurobindo by that time. She continued to expend the scope of the work of integration of the inner and outer life with the founding of Auroville, a place for material and spiritual research for the future evolution of humanity in harmony with itself and its earthly environment. The Mother was constantly at the service of the seekers who came to follow Sri Aurobindo's path, helping them towards true integration of the inner and the outer, spirit and matter, leading towards a revolutionary new consciousness, founded in Oneness and expressing true harmony in life and action.